With regard to issues of health and safety at work and irrespective of the activities of their companies, employers have the obligations laid down in Articles 5 to 12 of Framework Directive 89/391/EEC transposed into Greek law by virtue of Presidential Decree 17/1996 and codified by virtue of Law 3850/2010.
More specifically, Law 3850/2010 stipulates that employers must use the services of a safety technician and occupational physician (where they employ 50 or more persons): these persons, who must have the skills and qualifications specified in Articles 13 and 16 (as amended and in force), may be associated with the enterprise either under an employment relationship or under a service provision contract.
In addition to their other competences, the Safety Technician and Occupational Physician must cooperate in the performance of their duties, jointly authoring and revising the written occupational risk assessment required under the aforementioned law.
The assignment of Safety Technician and Occupational Physician by employers takes place exclusively online via the Electronic Services of SEPE, while duties may be assigned only to persons entered and registered in the digital registry of SEPE.
Information on the process for Safety Technicians and Occupational Physicians to be registered in the digital registry of SEPE can be found here.
The general risk prevention principles for the health and safety of workers are laid down in Article 42 of Law 3850/2010, while the special measures for the protection of the health and safety of workers that employers must take in relation to the hazards arising at their companies must be documented in the written occupational risk assessment and must satisfy the provisions of the special Instructions of Framework Directive 89/391/EEC ratified by national statutes, as indicated below:
(the list of statutes is not exhaustive)
- Hazards associated with the building infrastructure of the enterprise or facility (excluding worksites)
- Engineering and electrical hazards
- Directive 89/655/EEC ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 395/1994
- Directive 95/63/EEC ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 89/1999
- Directive 1999/92/EC ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 42/2003
- Directive 2001/45/EC ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 155/2004
- Directive 2006/42/EC ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 57/2010
- Hazards due to exposure to physical agents
- Hazards due to exposure to chemical or biological agents
- Directive 90/394/EEC ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 399/1994
- Directives 90/679/EEC and 93/88/EEC ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 186/1995
- Directive 97/42/ΕC ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 127/2000
- Directive 1999/38/EC ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 43/2003
- Directive 2003/18/E ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 212/2006
- Directive 2006/15/ΕC ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 162/2007
- Directive 2009/161/EU ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 12/2012
- Hazards due to musculoskeletal strain at work
- Hazards of any kind not fully addressed through collective means of protection
In addition to the foregoing covering all activities, employers’ obligations on taking special security measures on a case-by-case basis are also laid down in other provisions of national legislation concerning specific activities, such as:
- Building and technical works (Presidential Decree 1073/1981 and Directive 92/57/EEC ratified by virtue of Presidential Decree 305/1996)
- Ship-repair works (Presidential Decree 70/1990)
- Service stations (Royal Decree 380/1963)
- Printing houses (Royal Decree 464/1968)
- The lead-acid accumulator industry (Royal Decree 590/1968)